Esta es una disciplina FEI siendo increíble la cantidad de adeptos que tiene. Practican este deporte en todo el mundo, habiendo visto medallistas en los juegos mundiales a jinetes italianos. La monta americana que contemple nuestra criolla “rayada” ha trascendido las fronteras de EE.UU y hoy es una realidad mundial.
Tuve oportunidad de ver la monta vaquera o country en los World Equestrian Game en Jerez de la Frotera en el 2002, los vi nuevamente en el Club Alemán de Equitación (había muchos jinetes brasileños) y en el 2006 en los World Equestrian Gamen de Aachem los disfruté de nuevo.
Vi los warm up o precalentamiento, pero siempre me quedó la intriga respecto al training para las figuras de la parada con deslizamiento (sliding stop) y el girar sobre una pata a velocidades de vértigo (pivot)
Tuve la suerte de contactarme en Myspace con Raelyn (life=horse) quien ha tenido la oportunidad de enviarme una nota completa respecto al training de los caballos Cuarto de Milla para que realicen tales rutinas.
La nota está en inglés, pero no creo que sea un problema, hay traductores de páginas web que permiten tener una idea del contenido, aún cuando tales traductores no sean precisos.
El link remite directamente al blog de Raelyn donde hay unos videos sobre su trabajo, muy ilustrativos e interesante.
With reining to get them to slide stop I first start by working on getting them to stop fast from the walk, but not a sliding stop. Then the jog, then trot, then lope, then canter and then gallop. Once the horse has learned to stop quick at a regular stop is when I start to teach them how to slide. With working on just stopping I am open minded with my bits that I use. I try different ones for different horses. To see what works best. I almost never use a round ring snaffle though, and never a hackmore. I work on making the mouth sensitive as well so they react quicker, just by using head ties, not to tight though. When they have perfected that I then start to work at a trot on getting the sliding stop, when I tell my horse to stop I lean back and take one hand as I lean and pull softly back on the bit and push there hind quarters down, causing the horses to slide there back legs down. Then I give them a pat on the neck and say good boy and or good girl. I work on that until all I have to do is lean back to make him/her do there sliding stop. Then I move into the canter and do the same thing with that. Make sure to put a lot of pressure on there hind quarters with one hand as you pull back with the other hand and lean back deep in the saddle, but not to far back, to get it to be “just so”
As for teaching them to pivot I have a student of mine “an advanced one” sit on the horse bareback. I am holding the horse by a halter and lead-rope. I have the student put leg pressure on the outside leg as I pull the horse back and to the inside, causing his/her front legs and one back leg to pivot while the other back leg stays in place. I do this both directions. So If I want the horse to pivot right I have the student put leg pressure on the left side of the horse. After a few times I get on and let the student turn the horse while I leg Q the horse to pivot. The reason I have the student on first is so I can make sure I am telling the horse to turn correctly and also I can tell the student exactly how to do it right. After the horse seems to get the hang of it I put the bridle on, mount the horse and start to teach the horse that he/she has to do it without someone on the ground, if they perfected it with a person on the ground an on the horse they tend to get it right away, some take longer than others.
As for backing up I do not use any natural horsemanship at all. I start by standing in front of the horse and pushing on there chest to make them back, then I put the bridle on, while still standing in front of the horse and pull and push him/her back. When I get on I start by just pulling back to get them to backup. After doing and perfecting that I loosen my reins each time I tell my horse to backup until all I have to do is move my hand back and the horse backups without me putting any pressure at all on the reins. That makes the horse very tuned into what I am doing and not what is around them. So now all I have to do is lean back to stop the horse, put pressure on the side to pivot the horse and slightly move my hand back to backup the horse. As for steering the horse while riding it in the larger part of the ring, I can use only leg pressure, pushing my inside leg to get them to move to the edge/wall and push the outside leg to Q them to canter/gallop off on the correct lead. The way I teach them this is, I put an advanced student on them. I have the student put pressure on the inside of the horses side and as they do that I push the horse over to the wall “I am using the halter and lead-rope once again”.
When I want to teach them to get on there correct lead with my outside leg Q I do that myself. By bumping there side with my outside leg it most likely will make them move fast forward, so after a few times they start to understand what it means, but you have to make sure to NEVER make them move forward using both legs, the inside leg “one closest to the middle of the ring” is only used to push them to the outside of the ring more. It takes a while for a young horse to learn when they turn right they are on there left lead and when they turn left they are on there right lead, but in the end this seems to be the way that works the fastest and the best if it is done correctly.
If you prefer to spurring at a backup then what I do is have a student on the horse, as I push the horse back and pull back on the bit as well, the student nudges both sides of the horse with both spurs, until they start to back up when they feel that type of pressure. It is important to make sure that they are being taught the right Q, because if not they might mistake it for something else, so it is important to make 100% sure of how to do it. Eventually they get it perfectly that way, so then I get on and work alone with spurring them to get them to backup.
As for a spur stop, make sure they first completely understand the sliding stop at all speeds and then start to put a little pressure with the spurs each time you stop, gradually start applying more pressure as time goes on.
I hope that is what you were asking for!
Name – Raelyn Faith Lewandowski
Email – email@example.com
From – Wisconsin
Los que siguen son videos de Raelyn
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